Lasithi Prefecture

Lasithi Prefecture is the easternmost prefecture of Crete. Lasithi is surrounding by the sea, the Cretan sea from the north, the Carpathian east and the Libyan in the south. In the west exists the prefecture of Heraklion with a natural border the Dikti Mountains. The capital of the Lasithi Prefecture is Agios Nikolaos. Agios Nikolaos Crete The average coordinates of the prefecture are N 35o 05΄, E 25th 50΄ and the area of 1,818 square kilometers, of which 23,58 are the surrounding islands belonging to it.

The territory is mainly mountainous, with the Dikti Mountains (or otherwise Lasithi Mountains) that dominates the boundaries of the Lasithi and Heraklion Prefectures, to fully occupy the province of Lasithi and part of the provinces of Mirambello and Ierapetra. A second mountain range, the Steiaka Mountains, are located at the east of the prefecture. Valeys with olive trees are many, with the two largest in Ierapetra and Neapolis, otherwise Merabello Valley and others smaller between the mountains, often near the coast. There are many plateaus, the largest is the Lasithi Plateau and the Katharo Plateau (in the Kritsas Municipality of Agios Nikolaos). Gorge there are quite a few with the biggest the Cha (at the 24th kilometer of Agios Nikolaos - Ierapetra on Plagia Papoura).

There are no remarkable rivers, but only torrents and the only obvious waters are various sources that exploit water for irrigation. The coastline of the Lasithi Prefecture is varied with a large bay (Merabello), a lagoon (Voulimeni Agios Nikolaos) extensive beaches, small and large ports in the north (Elounda, Sitia, Poros and Fanteromenis) and in the South Makrigialos and Kala Nera.

The capes of the prefecture are of St. John, Faneromeni, Sideros (Agios Isidoros), Zakros and Plaka.

The islands belonging to the perfecture are many and interesting, each for its own reason. Spinalonga, the island of Venetian fort that was also used as a gathering of the Hansen (lepers), the saints who are the refuge of the Cretan Aiggers (Kri Kri), the pumpkin, the lice, the Dionysades with ancient finds, Elassa, Koufoni , Chrissi with an endemic type of cedar etc.